1 Jamaica: Non-communicable diseases Ohio University NRSE 3700J Mel Brandau
2 Jamaica: Non-communicable diseases Jamaica, an island country of the Caribbean, catches my attention because of its geography. Even though the Caribbean is a well-known landmark of the America continent, I have almost zero knowledge about this area as well as Jamaica. All I know about Jamaica is it had a Zika outbreak in 2016. I would like to challenge myself with something I do not know about. Hence, I am curious about Jamaica’s health care system as well as its health issues. Three major health concerns of Jamaica include non-communicable diseases (NCDs), poor maternity and child health, and communicable diseases. NCDs, which include cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, and cancer are the leading causes of death in Jamaica. Approximately, 80% of all deaths in Jamaica are caused by NCDs (WHO, 2018). Additionally, poor maternity health is a big health issue in Jamaica with 80 deaths / 100,000 live births (WHO et al., 2019). Communicable diseases such as Chikungunya and Zika
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