Chap008 - Chapter 08 - Intercompany Indebtedness CHAPTER 8...

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Chapter 08 - Intercompany Indebtedness CHAPTER 8 INTERCOMPANY INDEBTEDNESS ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Q8-1 A gain or loss on bond retirement is reported by the consolidated entity whenever (a) one of the companies purchases its own bonds from a nonaffiliate at an amount other than book value, or (b) a company within the consolidated entity purchases the bonds of an affiliate from a nonaffiliate at an amount other than book value. Q8-2 A constructive retirement occurs when the bonds of a company included in the consolidated entity are purchased by another company included within the consolidated entity. Although the debtor still considers the bonds as outstanding, and the investor views the bonds as an investment, they are constructively retired for consolidation purposes. If bonds are actually retired, the debtor purchases its own bonds from a nonaffiliate and they are no longer outstanding. Q8-3 When bonds sold to an affiliate at par value are not eliminated, bonds payable and bond investment are misstated in the balance sheet accounts and interest income and interest expense are misstated in the income statement accounts. There is also a premium or discount account to be eliminated when the bonds are not issued at par value. Unless interest is paid at year-end, there is likely to be some amount of interest receivable and interest payable to be eliminated as well. Q8-4 Both the bond investment and interest income reported by the purchaser will be improperly included. Interest expense, bonds payable, and any premium or discount recorded on the books of the debtor also will be improperly included. In addition, the constructive gain or loss on bond retirement will be omitted if no eliminating entries are recorded in connection with the purchase. Q8-5 If the focus is placed on the legal entity, only bonds actually reacquired by the debtor will be treated as retired. This treatment can lead to incorrect reports for the consolidated entity in two dimensions. If a company were to repurchase bonds from an affiliate, any retirement gain or loss reported by the debtor is not a gain or loss to the economic entity and must be eliminated in preparing consolidated statements. Moreover, although a purchase of debt of any of the other companies in the consolidated entity will not be recognized as a retirement by the debtor, when emphasis is placed on the economic entity the purchase must serve as a basis for recognition of a bond retirement for the consolidated entity. Q8-6 The difference in treatment is due to the effect of the transactions on the consolidated entity. In the case of land sold to another affiliate, a gain has been recorded that is not a gain from the viewpoint of the consolidated entity. Thus, it must be eliminated in the consolidation process. On the other hand, in a bond repurchase the buyer simply records an investment in bonds and the debtor makes no special entries because of the purchase by an affiliate.
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Chap008 - Chapter 08 - Intercompany Indebtedness CHAPTER 8...

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