chp18 - 18 Civil Rights at Work Exploitation in America 0 1...

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18. Civil Rights at Work Exploitation in America 0. African-Americans 1. Asian-Americans 2. Children 3. Mexican Americans 4. Native Americans 5. Women When adopted in 1789, the Constitution Did not prohibit employment discrimination. Did not give equal rights to men and women of all races. Permitted the practice of slavery. Slavery was Abolished Early in the North 0. Very little for slaves to do in the North 1. A sincere belief that slavery was wrong 2. Slavery was competition for free white labor and degraded labor itself 3. Many Northerners objected to slavery because they objected to the presence of the slaves It appeared late in the 18th century that slavery may disappear in the South 0. Then Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin (1793) 1. Made it possible to process cotton faster then ever before 0. 13,000 bales produced in 1792. 1. 4,800,000 bales produced in 1860. 2. 3/4 of world’s supply 3. >1/2 of total U. S. exports. 2. Slavery became more necessary than ever (according to Southern cotton farmers) 3. By 1860, one-third of the population of the South was owned by the other two-thirds 4. Supporting slavery became a science Defining Slavery 6. Three-fifths Compromise 7. Popular Sovereignty 8. The Dred Scott Case 0. The Court’s decision 5. Scott was black and therefore not a citizen and could not sue in any court 6. no African-American had the right to citizenship 7. Congress had no right to interfere in the right of a person to protect their property 9. Fugitive Slave Acts 10. “Free labor has the inspiration of hope; slavery has no hope. If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong. “ Reconstruction Amendments and Laws 0. 13th Amendment (1865) 0. Prohibited slavery 1. 14th Amendment (1868) 1. a state cannot deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law 2. a state cannot deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
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2. 15th Amendment (1870) 3. Protected voting rights of freed slaves 3. Civil Rights Acts of 1866, 1875 4. Protected freed slaves against discrimination in employment and in transportation or accommodations. 4. The Rutherford Hayes-Samuel Tilden Agreement (1876) 5. troops to be removed from south 5. The Civil Rights Cases (1883) 6. Supreme Court rules that Congress does not have the authority to regulate race relations between private citizens 6. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 7. separate but equal Jim Crow laws created segregation in the South. Since 1492:
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chp18 - 18 Civil Rights at Work Exploitation in America 0 1...

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