07+The+Sources+of+Growth+and+the+Solow+Model,+Part+1

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Unformatted text preview: 1 7-1 The Source of Growth and the Solow Model Part 1 7-2 Agenda 1. The Importance of Long-Term Growth 2. The Sources of Economic Growth 3. The Solow Growth Model 7-3 The Importance of Long-Term Growth Long-term economic growth is about the annual average growth rate of real economic output, generally over period of 10 years or longer. Because of changes in the size of a countrys population and labor force, economic output is generally measured in per-capita or per- worker terms . 7-4 The Importance of Long-Term Growth Y/L 1,500BCE 0 500CE 1000 1500 1750 2000 2 7-5 The Importance of Long-Term Growth 7-6 The Importance of Long-Term Growth Small changes in growth rates make very large differences over long periods of time. The Rule of 72 gives an approximation for how long it takes for an economy to double in size for various growth rates. To calculate, divide 72 by the countrys average annual growth rate. The result is the number of years it takes to double the economy. 7-7 The Sources of Economic Growth The economys production function is: Y = AF ( K , L ) where: 1. Y = economic output, 2. K = the capital stock, 3. L = labor, and 4. A = total factor productivity. 7-8 The Sources of Economic Growth The growth accounting formula is: Y/Y = A/A + K K/K + L L/L where: 1. K is the output elasticity with respect to K, 2. L is the output elasticity with respect to L, and 3. K + L = 1. 3 7-9 The Sources of Economic Growth More specifically for the U.S.: Y = AK 0.3 L 0.7 and Y/Y = A/A + 0.3 K/K + 0.7 L/L 7-10 The Sources of Economic Growth Using alternative notation: g Y = g A + 0.3g K + 0.7g L where: 1. g Y = growth rate of Y, economic output. 2. g A = growth rate of A, total factor productivity. 3. g K = growth rate of K, the capital stock. 4. g L = growth rate of L, the labor force....
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This note was uploaded on 07/21/2011 for the course ECON 100B taught by Professor Wood during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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