extracrednotes - ′ (“prime”) indicates that the two...

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A summary of six of the major oxygen-containing functional groups (Ch 8, 9, 10, 12) type general formula example IUPAC name (common name) Ch 8, 9 (one single-bonded oxygen) a. alcohol R-O-H CH 3 CH 2 OH ethanol (ethyl alcohol) b. ether R-O-R CH 3 CH 2 OCH 3 methoxyethane (ethyl methyl ether) Ch 10 (one double-bonded oxygen) O O ethanal a. aldehyde RC-H CH 3 CH (acetaldehyde) O O 2-butanone ethyl methyl ketone b. ketone RC-R CH 3 CH 2 CCH 3 (or MEK) Ch 12 (two oxygens) O O ethanoic acid a. (carboxylic) acid RC-O-H CH 3 COH (acetic acid) O O methyl ethanoate b. ester RC-O-R CH 3 COCH 3 (methyl acetate) Notes R and R refer to groups. (They need not specifically be alkyl groups.) The
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Unformatted text preview: ′ (“prime”) indicates that the two groups need not be the same. The a and b entries of each set are related structurally. In each case, the a compound has an-H, which is replaced by an -R ′ in the b compound. The only case where one can easily interconvert the a and b compounds is with acids and esters, Ch 12. Some of these compounds can be interconverted by oxidation and reduction reactions. See separate handout. x402\o_groups 9/24/02...
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This note was uploaded on 07/21/2011 for the course CHEM 111 taught by Professor Sawyers during the Spring '11 term at Virginia College.

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