Sustainability-fall2008

Sustainability-fall2008 - Envir onment and Sust ainabilit y...

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Prof. Wilmer Arellano Environment and Sustainability
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You will use Sima Pro to select a material in your project. Please download from here: http://www.pre.nl/simapro/
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e-waste Electronic waste, "e-waste" or "Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment" ("WEEE") is a waste type consisting of any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance. It is a point of concern considering that many components of such equipment are considered toxic and are not biodegradable. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-waste
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e-waste It is estimated that e-waste contains over 1000 different substances. When these items are disposed of, they often leak toxic chemicals into the ground, air and water. Worldwide, as much as 4,000 tons of e-waste are discarded every hour! In 2004, China discarded approximately 4 million refrigerators, 5 million TV sets and 5 million washing machines, and these figures are on the rise! China is receiving e-waste from other countries. It is estimated that between 50 and 80% of e-waste collected for recycling in the United States is shipped to Asia. China is the destination for around 90% of that material
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WEEE directive Article 4 Product design Member States shall encourage the design and production of electrical and electronic equipment which take into account and facilitate dismantling and recovery, in particular the reuse and recycling of WEEE, their components and materials. In this context, Member States shall take appropriate measures so that producers do not prevent, through specific design features or manufacturing processes, WEEE from being reused, unless such specific design features or manufacturing processes present overriding advantages, for example, with regard to the protection of the environment and/or safety requirements.
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WEEE directive Article 5 Separate collection 1. Member States shall adopt appropriate measures in order to minimize the disposal of WEEE as unsorted municipal waste and to achieve a high level of separate collection of WEEE. 2. For WEEE from private households, Member States shall ensure that by the 13 August 2005: (a) systems are set up allowing final holders and distributors to return such waste at least free of charge. Member States shall ensure the availability and accessibility of the necessary collection facilities, taking into account in particular the population density; (b) Continues …
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WEEE directive The WEEE Directive obliged the twenty-five EU member states to transpose its provisions into national law by 13 August 2004. Only Cyprus met this deadline. On 13 August 2005, one year after the deadline, all member states except for Malta and the UK had transposed at least framework regulations. As the national transposition of the WEEE Directive varies between the member states, a patchwork of requirements and compliance solutions is emerging across Europe.
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The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS)
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Sustainability-fall2008 - Envir onment and Sust ainabilit y...

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