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Week 2 Assignment

Week 2 Assignment - Week 2 Chapters 2 and 3 Chapter 2 1...

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Week 2 Chapters 2 and 3 Chapter 2 1. Your textbook indicates that there are three characteristics of ethical systems. What are they? - The three characteristics of ethical systems are: 1) they are the source of moral beliefs. 2) They are the underlying beliefs in judgment making. 3) They are debatable but bond argument because they are based on fundamental truths that are a given by the person who holds them. 2. Baelz described ethical systems as having what characteristics? - Baelz says that the characteristics of ethical systems are prescriptive, authoritative, logically impartial or universal, and they are not self-serving. The characteristic prescriptive is when the behaviors is demanded or proscribed and are not just abstract principles of good or bad but have an impact on what we do. The authoritative characteristic is usually beyond question and is applied to all cases and for everyone. The last characteristic is that they are not self serving and are directed towards others and what is good for all not just one person. 3. Define the terms Deontological Ethical System and Teleological Ethical System. -The deontological ethical system is where the act its self is judged. If an act or intent is inherently good it is still thought that way even if the results are unfavorable. The teleological ethical system is when the consequences or results of the act are judged. This is when “the ends justifies the means”. 4. What are the principles of Kant’s ethical formalism? What are the criticisms of ethical formalism? - There are three principles of Kent’s ethical formalism. 1) Acts only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law. 2) Act in such a way that you always treat
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humanity, whether in your own person or that of any other, never simply as a means but always at the same time. 3) Acts as if you were through your maxims, a lawmaking member of a kingdom of ends. - There are there criticisms of ethical formalism. 1) Ethical dormalism seems to be unresponsive to extreme circumstances. Meaning, if something is wrong all the time no matter what the circumstance is then a good person might be judged immoral. 2) Morality is limited to duty. 3) The priority of motive and intent over result is problematic in some instances. 5. Review and describe the difference between categorical imperative and hypothetical imperative. - Categorical imperative command action that is necessary without any reference to intended purposes or consequences. Hypothetical imperative are commands that designate certain actions to attain certain ends. 6. What is utilitarianism? a. What was Jeremy Bentham’s thoughts on it? b. What are the criticisms of utilitarianism? - Utilutarianism is a teleological ethical system that is determined by the consequences of the action.
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