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ch19_studyguide - Shier Butler and Lewis Holes Human...

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Shier, Butler, and Lewis: Hole’s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 10 th ed. Chapter 19: Respiratory System Chapter 19: Respiratory System I. Introduction A. The respiratory system consists of__________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ B. Respiration is called_____________________________________________________ C. Respiration consists of___________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ D. Ventilation is___________________________________________________________ E. External respiration is____________________________________________________ F. Internal respiration is_____________________________________________________ G. Cellular respiration is____________________________________________________ II. Why We Breathe A. Respiration enables cells to________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ B. Without oxygen as a final electron acceptor, much energy_______________________ _________________________________________________________________________ C. A metabolic waste of respiration is__________________________________________ D. Carbon dioxide, when it reacts with water, forms__________________________which contributes to the pH of______________________________________________________ E. Too much carbon dioxide will lower_________________________________________ F. ________________________________________________________________explain why we must obtain oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. III. Organs of the Respiratory System A. Introduction 1. The upper respiratory tract includes___________________________________ 2. The lower respiratory tract includes___________________________________ B. Nose 1. The nose is supported internally by____________________________________ 19-1
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2. Nostrils are_______________________________________________________ 3. Internal hairs of nostrils prevent______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ C. Nasal Cavity 1. The nasal cavity is_________________________________________________ 2. The nasal septum is________________________________________________ 3. The nasal cavity is separated from the cranial cavity by____________________ ___________________ and from the oral cavity by________________________ 4. Nasal conchae are located________________________________________and divide the nasal cavity into_____________________________________________ 5. Nasal conchae function to___________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 6. The lining of the upper portion of the nasal cavity contains_________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 7. Most of the nasal cavity conducts air___________________________________ 8. The mucous membrane lining the nasal cavity contains____________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 9. The functions of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity are______________ ___________________________________________________________________ 10. Cilia of the nasal cavity function to___________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ D. Sinuses 1. Sinuses are_______________________________________________________ 2. Bones that contain sinuses are________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 3. The functions of sinuses are__________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ E. Pharynx 1. The pharynx is located______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 19-2
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2. Functions of the pharynx are_________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ F. Larynx 1. The larynx is_____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 2. The functions of the larynx are_______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 3. The larynx is composed of___________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 4. The cartilages of the larynx are_______________________________________ 5. The thyroid cartilage is located_______________________________________ 6. The cricoid cartilage is located_______________________________________ 7. The epiglottic cartilage is located_____________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 8. The epiglottis is___________________________________________________ 9. The functions of the epiglottis are_____________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 10. The arytenoid cartilages are located__________________________________ 11. The corniculate cartilages are located_________________________________ 12. The arytenoids and corniculate cartilages are attachment sites for___________ ___________________________________________________________________ 13. The cuneiform cartilages are located__________________________________ and function to______________________________________________________ 14. False vocal cords are located_____________________________________and are composed of_____________________________________________________ 15. The function of the false vocal cords is________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 16. The true vocal cords are located___________________________________and are composed of_____________________________________________________ 17. The functions of the true vocal cords are_______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 19-3
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18. A higher pitch of the voice is produced by_____________________________ and a lower pitch is produced by________________________________________ 19. The loudness of a vocal sound depends on_____________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 20. The glottis is_____________________________________________________ 21.
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