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Imprisonment and crime week 3

Imprisonment and crime week 3 - A Review of Facts Crime has...

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A Review of Facts Crime has been present since before humans evolved. Animals take from each other when they can. Crime did increase as people started settling in communities. Ancient punishments for crimes were simple; make the punishment fit the crime. Hammurabi’s code stated “an eye for an eye” and “a tooth for a tooth.” By this system, people knew exactly what type of punishment they would receive for their crimes. A few hundred years ago, crimes were no longer punished in such a retaliatory way. They were dealt with harshly and typically the punishment was much worse than the crime. For example, during the French Revolution, people were beheaded for petty theft. However, in the modern era, we no longer hold to these forms of retaliatory or overly harsh punishments. Instead, we have come to the point of locking away our criminals for crimes committed. After a trial if a person receives a guilty sentence, they are sentenced to prison. There are multiple types of prisons ranging from low or minimum security to super-max security prisons. Each prison along the line has more or less privileges and restrictions on movements and freedoms of the inmates. For example, a super-max prison allows practically no movement of the prisoner while a low security prison allows inmates more freedoms such as extended recreation time, extended contact with other inmates, and the option to see visitors. Security ranges in each type of prison. A low security prison will have double- fenced perimeters rather than thick walls. Typically dormitory style housing is adopted in low security prisons and a work programs are strongly used. A medium security prison is slightly more secure. The perimeters typically have double fences with some type of
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electronic monitoring system. Housing has switched from dormitory style, like in low security prisons, to cell-type housing. A wide variety of work and treatment programs are offered here as well. High security institutions are known as United States Penitentiaries. US penitentiaries have thick walls or reinforced fences and use multiple and single occupant cell housing. Here, movement of inmates if closely monitored and controlled. Super-max security facilities set themselves apart from the rest. This is because the most dangerous inmates are kept in super-max security prisons. Because of the level of danger presented, extreme measures are taken to ensure the inmates are confined. While less secure prisons may place inmates in solitary confinement for a period of time to punish misbehavior, inmates in a super-max facility are considered to be in permanent solitary confinement. Prisoners are kept in solitary confinement, the practice of keeping a person isolated from everyone and everything, between twenty- two and twenty-three hours a day. Inmates are not allowed to do anything together.
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Imprisonment and crime week 3 - A Review of Facts Crime has...

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