Gulliver's Travels: Summary
Many of the critics who have critiqued Jonathan Swift's
Travels have used the word extraneous more then once.
Swift was viewed
insane person who was a failure in life.
But this is far from the
wrote Gulliver's Travels, a book that has been assigned to students for
and it is written from experience.
Swift's experience with the Tories
conflicts with the Whigs caused him to write books that mock religious
government, or people with views differing from his own.
In one of
Gulliver's Travels, Swift criticizes the corruption of the English
society, science, religion, and man in general.
In Gulliver's first travel, in which he visited Lilliput,
faced with the minute people, called Lilliputians.
Now while this is
premise for a fantasy story, Swift uses the events within to make severe
criticisms of England between reigns of Queen Anne and George the
people of Lilliput are about six inches tall, and there size signifies
their motives, acts, and humanity are in the same, dwarfish (Long 276).
section, the royal palace is accidentally set on fire, containing the
Instead of making his way across town, to the ocean, squashing
people of Lilliput as he goes, Gulliver makes use of his urine to save
While this vulgar episode was a display of bravery, it
emperor, causing revenge to be vowed on Gulliver.
Rather then be happy
both the emperor and the palace are not in ruin, the littleness of the
government and the people in general is displayed in this act.
of this is the fact that Gulliver is used as the Emperor's absolute
the emperor only uses him to conquer his world of two islands.
emperor's ambition seem extremely low (Bloom, Interpretations 84-5).
Swift also criticizes the religious beliefs of the Lilliputians