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Week7PowerPointLecture - chapter 11 chapter 11 Defining and...

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chapter 11
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Defining and diagnosing disorder Anxiety disorders Mood disorders Personality disorders Drug abuse and addiction Dissociative identity disorder Schizophrenia chapter 11
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Possible models for defining disorders As the violation of cultural standards As emotional distress As behavior harmful to oneself or others chapter 11
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Any behavior or emotional state that causes a person to suffer, is self-destructive; seriously impairs the person’s ability to work or get along with others; or endangers others or the community chapter 11
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Axis I: Primary clinical problem Axis II: Personality disorders Axis III: General medical conditions Axis IV: Social and environmental stressors Axis V: Global assessment of overall functioning chapter 11
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Supporters of new categories answer that it is important to distinguish disorders precisely. Critics point to economics: diagnoses are needed for insurance reasons for therapists to be compensated. chapter 11
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The danger of over-diagnosis The power of diagnostic labels Confusion of serious mental disorders with normal problems The illusion of objectivity and universality chapter 11
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When the manual is used correctly and diagnoses are made with valid objective tests, the DSM improves the reliability of and agreement between clinicians. The DSM-IV included for the first time a list of culture-bound syndromes. chapter 11
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Projective tests Psychological tests used to infer a person’s motives, conflicts, and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person’s interpretation of ambiguous stimuli Rorschach inkblot test A projective personality test that asks respondents to interpret abstract, symmetrical inkblots chapter 11
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Inventories Standardized objective questionnaires requiring written responses Typically include scales on which people are asked to rate themselves MMPI Most widely used personality instrument Clinical and employment settings Measures aspects of personality that, if extreme, suggest a problem chapter 11
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Continuous state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry and dread, apprehension, difficulties in concentration, and signs of motor tension chapter 11
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An anxiety disorder in which a person who has experienced a traumatic or life- threatening event has symptoms such as psychic numbing, reliving the trauma, and increased physiological arousal Diagnosed only if symptoms persist for six months or longer May immediately follow event or occur later chapter 11
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An anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic attacks Panic attack: a feeling of impending doom or death, accompanied by physiological symptoms such as rapid breathing and dizziness chapter 11
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Phobia An exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity, or object chapter 11
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A set of phobias, often set off by a panic attack, involving the basic fear of being away from a safe place or person. chapter 11
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This note was uploaded on 07/24/2011 for the course PHYS 101 taught by Professor Johnw.walder during the Spring '11 term at American Public University.

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Week7PowerPointLecture - chapter 11 chapter 11 Defining and...

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