Florida micropropagation

Florida micropropagation - The Florida Foliage Plant...

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The Florida Foliage Plant Industry Jianjun Chen Mid-Florida Research and Education Center & Department of Environmental Horticulture
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Important Foliage Plants Spathiphyllum Anthurium Alocasia Aglaonema Araceae Palmae Rhapis excelsa (Lady Palm) Chamaedorea elegans (Neathe Bella Palm) Howeia forsteriana (Kentia Palm) Caryota mitis (Fishtail Palm)
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Important Foliage Plants Schefflera Aechmea Neoregelia Bromeliaceae Vriesea Guzmania Other genera Calathea Ficus Dracaena Hedera
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Interiorscape with Foliage Plants
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The Growth of the Foliage Plant Industry (Wholesale Value) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1949 1959 1969 1979 1989 1996 2005 Year M illion $ Nation Florida National level: A 55-fold increase from $13 million in 1949 to $721 million in 2005 Florida: A 278-fold increase from $1.8 million in 1949 to $500 million in 2005 Additionally, total sales by interiorscapers was $1 billion in 2000
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California (15.2%) Florida (69.3%) Hawaii (2.4%) Texas (2.8%) Other states (10.3%) Leading States in Foliage Plant Production The national wholesale value was $721 million in 2005
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Apopka : Indoor Foliage Capital of the World Intensive agriculture practice • 40,000 to 300,000 pots/acre • 910 nurseries in Central FL • Total 24,000 acres (9,713 ha) • Nursery sizes 1 to 60 acres • $308 million annual sale in Central FL
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Favorable climate • Dedicated growers • Better marketing • Establishment of the UF Research and Education Centers Changes in foliage plant -propagation -production -new species and cultivar introduction -interiorscaping Attributes to the Foliage Plant Industry’s Growth
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Foliage Plant Propagation 1. Air layering 2. Cuttings 3. Division 4. Micropropagation 5. Seed germination
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eristem Culture and Regeneration Somatic embryogenesis Organogenesis Meristem culture
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Regeneration through Direct Somatic Embryogenesis Aglaonema Epipremnum Homalomena Monstera Schefflera Syngonium Zamioculcas Sansevieria Chen, J. and R.J. Henny (unpublished data)
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Pothos Regeneration through Somatic Embryogenesis Pothos ( Epipremnum )
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Commercial Micropropagation of Foliage Plants 1 2 3 4 5 6
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• Producing disease-free, uniform liners year-round • Speedup of hybrid commercialization • Saving production space • Worldwide availability • A viable business • New cultivar release Benefits of Foliage Plant Micropropagation
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137.1-219.8 254.7 Total 49.4-82.3 82.3 Musa Musaceae 5.7-9.2 12.2 Ficus Moraceae 2.9-5.1 4.5 Calathea Marantaceae 8.5-21.2 28.2 Asplenium , Nephrolepis , etc Ferns 8.0-11.4 11.4 Aechmea, Guzmania, Vriesea, etc Bromeliaceae 0.5-0.8 0.7 Schefflera Araliaceae 1.7-2.0 2.0 Cordyline Agavaceae 8.1-11.6 19.4 Syngonium 16.1-24.5 26.9 Spathiphyllum
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This note was uploaded on 07/23/2011 for the course HOS 6737c taught by Professor Moore during the Spring '09 term at University of Florida.

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Florida micropropagation - The Florida Foliage Plant...

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