Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: The Human Body: An Orientation 1)...

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Chapter 1: The Human Body: An Orientation 1) Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus. True 2) Imaging is useful in discovering obstructed blood supplies in organs and tissues. True 3) The anatomical position means the body is standing at attention with the palms facing forward and the thumbs pointing away from the body. True 4) The elbow is proximal to the shoulder. False 5) The serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity wall is called visceral peritoneum. False 6) A major function of serous membranes is to decrease friction. True 7) The right hypochondriac region contains the majority of the stomach. False 8) Lungs carry out an excretory function. True 9) Embryology concerns the structural changes that occur in an individual from conception through old age. False 10) A tissue consists of groups of similar cells that have a common function. True 11) It is important for any organism to maintain its boundaries, so that its internal environment remains distinct from the external environment surrounding it. True 12) Without some sort of negative feedback mechanism, it would be impossible to keep our body chemistry in balance. True 13) Regardless of the variable being regulated, all homeostatic control mechanisms have at least three interdependent components. True 14) In a negative feedback mechanism, ADH is the equivalent to the "thermostat" in your home heating system. False 15) The epigastric region is located superior to the umbilical region. True 1) Histology would be best defined as a study of________. A) cells B) tissues C) cell chemistry D) the gross structures of the body 2) The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy. A) microscopic B) gross C) developmental D) systemic 3) An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be best described as an example of ________. A) maintaining boundaries B) excretion of metabolic waste C) responsiveness D) metabolism 4) Normal body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade. A) 98 B) 68 C) 47 D) 37 5) If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis then the wall thermostat would be the ________. A) control center B) receptor C) effector D) variable 6) The main, general purpose of negative feedback is ________. A) to control all body system tissues B) to maintain homeostasis C) to keep the body's sugar high D )to regulate excretion 7) ________ is the specific name for the hip region. A) Manus B) Inguinal C) Pedal D) Coxal 8) An oblique cut is one that ________. A) is cut horizontal right and left B) is cut diagonally between the vertical and horizontal C) is cut vertical right and left D) is cut perpendicular to vertical and horizontal 9) The heart lies in the ________ cavity. A) superior mediastinal
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This note was uploaded on 07/24/2011 for the course BIO 201 taught by Professor Quintana during the Spring '10 term at TAMU Intl..

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: The Human Body: An Orientation 1)...

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