CRIJ 4340-Constitutional Law
Review for Test I
How many articles does the Constitution of 1789 contain?
There are 7 articles: Legislative, Executive, Judicial, States' Powers and Limits, Amendments, National Supremacy, Ratification
In which of the various articles are the following provisions found?
Procedures for amending the Constitution.
Supremacy clause, declaring that the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States shall be the supreme law of
Powers of the President.
Powers vested in Congress.
Powers of the Judiciary.
What are the first 10 amendments?
Amendment 1: Freedom of religion
Amendment 2: Right to bear Arms
Amendment 3: No soldier should be quartered without consent of the Owner
Amendment 4: Right against unreasonable search and seizure
Amendment 5: Right to remain silent
Amendment 6: Right to a speedy and public trial
Amendment 7: Right to Trial by Jury
Amendment 8: Concerns bails, fines and punishments
Amendment 9: Guarantees and reserves the rights of the people
Amendment 10: States, "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"
In which of the first 10 Amendments is each of the following rights guaranteed?
Right to be indicted by a grand jury before being tried for a capital or otherwise infamous crime
Right to keep and bear arms
Protection against cruel and unusual punishment
Freedom of speech; peaceably assemble
Right to a speedy criminal trial
Protection against compulsory self-incrimination
Protection against unreasonable searches and seizures
Protection against the issuance of warrants without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, particularly describing the place to be searched or the persons or things to be seized
Protection against double jeopardy (i.e
, being tried more than once for the same offense)
Right to a jury trial in criminal cases
Right to a jury trial in civil suits in which the amount in controversy exceeds $20.
Right to the assistance of counsel in criminal cases
Right to just compensation when private property is taken by the government for public use
1. Which article or articles provide for the separation of powers among the three branches of the federal government?
The first 3 articles: legislative, executive, judicial.
What is the main focus of the legislative power? It provides that the legislative powers of the US shall be vested in Congress, which shall consist of two chambers- the Senate and the House of
Representatives. The Texas Legislature is the most powerful of the three main branches of government. This seemingly reflects the nature of the state's democratic form of government. However,
none of the three branches is particularly strong, and the Legislature may be better described as less weak than the other branches. Still, the legislative branch's position among the governing