week 10 - Leadership Topic 10 LEARNING OUTLINE 1 Leadership...

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1 Leadership Topic 10 L E A R N I N G O U T L I N E 1. Leadership and its importance Leadership defined Leaders versus managers Arguments for and against the importance of leadership 2. Trait and behavioural theories of leadership Discuss what research has shown about leadership traits Contrast the findings of the behavioural leadership theories 3. Contingency theories of leadership Fiedler’s theory of leadership Situational leadership theory Leader participation model Path-goal theory 1. Leadership is… “The behaviour of an individual… directing the activities of a group towards a shared goal” (Hemphill & Coons, 1965, pg. 7) “The influential increment over and above mechanical compliance with the routine directives of the organisation” (Katz & Kahn, 1978, pg. 528) “Exercised when persons… mobilize… institutional, political, psychological, and other resources so as to arouse, engage and satisfy the motives of followers” (Burns, 1978, pg. 18) “Realized in the process whereby one or more individual succeed in attempting to frame and define the reality of others (Smircich & Morgan, 1982, pg. 258) “The process of influencing the activities of an organized group towards goal achievement” (Rauch & Behling, 1984, pg. 46) “About articulating visions, embodying values, and creating the environment within which things can be accomplished” (Richards & Engele, 1986, pg. 206) “A process of giving purpose (meaningful direction) to collective effort, and causing willing effort to be expended to achieve purpose” (Jacobs & Jaques, 1990, pg. 281) “The ability to step outside the culture… to start evolutionary change processes that are more adaptive” (Schein, 1992, pg. 2) “The process of making sense of what people are doing together so that people will understand and be committed” (Drath & Palus, 1994, pg. 4) “The ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute towards the effectiveness and success of an organization” (House et al., 1999, pg. 184)
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