Psychoanalytic Psychology

Psychoanalytic Psychology - Psychological views of human...

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Psychological views of human nature 1 Introduction Psychology is the science of mind and behavior . Its immediate goal is to understand humanity by both discovering general principles and exploring specific cases, and its ultimate aim is to benefit society. The humanist concept that (individual) human beings are able to think critically, are in charge of their lives, and are free to be, is underlain by a series of "arguments" about what it means to be human; to possess human nature. Human nature consists of the traits, qualities, and behavior patterns most characteristic of the human species. Contemporary psychology school based on different human nature, and gradually formed its own unique psychological theory. The following analysis from four major schools views of psychology such as psychoanalytic theory, behaviorism, humanistic and cognitive and so on to elaborate human nature. Psychoanalytic of human nature Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and the psychodynamic approach to psychology. Their views are basically negative and pessimistic. This school of thought emphasized the influence of the unconscious mind on behavior. Freud believed that the human mind was composed of three elements: the id, the ego, and the superego. Freud's theories of psychosexual stages , the unconscious, and dream symbolism remain a popular topic among both psychologists and laypersons, despite the fact that his work is viewed with skepticism by many today. Regardless, Freud's theories changed how we think about the human mind and behavior and left a lasting mark on psychology and culture. Freud thought the purpose of life is the pursuit of happiness, which is determined by human nature, from human nature, he revokes the self-interest. In his view, personal motivations are all starting from the self-interest. For each individual, the others are nothing but objects to satisfy their own desires. The unconscious and sexual instincts
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Psychological views of human nature 2 were more adequate to meet and display, the more complete human nature, the higher human values. But in the real value of human life is measured by his contribution to society. Therefore Person should suppress their instincts. Freud's view of Man is an evil one. And that all Men are innately evil and aggression lies within the human as a part of his nature. His argument's conclusion is well supported and his premises meet the conditions of a deductive argument with relevance and grounds. It impacts on the development of psychoanalytic schools of thought. After Freud, the new school of psychoanalysis gradually abandoned the biological determinism of human nature, paid attention to social and cultural factors that impact on the human. It has largely different from the traditional psychoanalysis. Behaviorist view of human nature
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Psychoanalytic Psychology - Psychological views of human...

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