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A.The Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) has generated a great deal of controversy. Cite atleast one news source, and explain what SOPA is. (Examples of news sources arecnn.com or abcnews.com.) Then, decide whether you believe this act violates the FirstAmendment protection of free speech because of the power given to the governmentunder the bill.The SOPA Bill was introduced in the House in 2011 by a representative from Texas. Accordingto CNN, the bill “aims to crack down on copyright infringement by restricting access to sites thathost or facilitate the trading of pirated content” (Pepitone, 2012). The main targets of this bill areoverseas pirating sites that allow free “streaming” of TV shows and movies illegally.In order toavoid foreign pirating sites from being used by American citizens, the bill would require UnitedStates search engines, advertising networks, and other providers to withhold their services. Thearticle expresses the controversy surrounding the bill, “Both sides say they agree that protectingcontent is a worthy goal. But opponents say that the way SOPA is written effectively promotescensorship and is rife with the potential for unintended consequences” (Pepitone, 2012). Suchconsequences include the bill’s want to place companies ‘on the hook’ for their users uploadingillegal material, and therefore scaring websites like Youtube who would have to closely monitorpossible copyright infringement uploads in order to stay in line with the law.I believe this act does not violate the first amendment's protection of freedom of speech becausethis Bill has to do with people’s right to view, not their right to speak or publish. TheConstitution only applies to American citizens, and so limiting foreign sites does not apply.Additionally, in Lesson 6, it states that in the context of advertising,“the government has theright to regulate various industries as long as they are no more excessive than necessary” (POS220 Lesson 6,” n.d, Instruction section, para. 41). This statement, I feel, gives the government thepower to limit foreign websites from being accessed by Americans because the content on thewebsites violates copyright laws and prevents citizens from breaking the law by accessing thesesites.
B.In the 2014 Supreme Court Case Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, the Supreme Court ruled that"closely held for- profit companies" may enact religious exemptions as they pertain to theAffordable Care Act's (ACA) provision requiring contraception coverage for theiremployees. In the case, the Supreme Court ruled 5-4, that the ACA's provision violatedthe Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFA), as well as the Free Exercise ofReligion clause of the First Amendment. The Supreme Court in its majority decisionstated that "applying the ACA’s requirement is not the least restrictive means of serving acompelling government interest." Do you agree with the Supreme Court's ruling that"closely held for-profit companies" such as Hobby Lobby can be exempted from federal