lec18 - Chapter 18 Writing the Research Report(Reminder...

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Chapter 18 Writing the Research Report (Reminder: Don’t forget to utilize the concept maps and study questions as you study this and the other chapters.) The purpose of this final chapter is to provide useful advice on how to organize and write a research paper that has the potential for publication. There are four main sections in this chapter: 1. General Principles Related to Writing the Research Report. 2. Writing Quantitative Research Reports Using the APA Style. 3. Writing Qualitative Research Reports. 4. Writing Mixed Research Reports. General Principles Related to Writing the Research Report We begin this section with some general writing tips and by listing some sources on writing. Simple, clear, and direct communication should be your most important goal when you write a research report. Language The following three guidelines will help you select appropriate language in your report: 1. Choose accurate and clear words that are free from bias. One way to do this is to be very specific rather than less specific. 2. Avoid labeling people whenever possible. 3. Write about your research participants in a way that acknowledges their participation. For example, avoid the impersonal term "subject" or subjects; words such as “research participants” or children or adults are preferable. Keeping in mind the above guidelines, you should give special attention to the following issues which are explained more fully in our chapter and, especially, in the APA Publication Manual : Gender. The bottom line is to avoid sexist language. Sexual Orientation. Terms such as homosexual should be replaced with terms such as lesbians , gay men , and bisexual women or men . Specific instances of sexual behavior should be referred to with terms such as same gender , male-male , female-female , and male-female . Racial and Ethnic Identity. Ask participants about their preferred designations and use them. When writing this term, capitalize it (e.g., African American).
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Disabilities. Do not to equate people with their disability. For example, refer to a participant as a person who has cancer rather than as a cancer victim. Age. Acceptable terms are boy and girl , young man and young woman , male adolescent and female adolescent . Older person is preferred to elderly . Call people eighteen and older men and women . Editorial Style Italics. As a general rule, use italics infrequently. If you are submitting a paper for publication, you can now use italics directly rather than using underlines to signal what is to be italicized.
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