Admin Law- Smoking and Politics

Admin Law- Smoking and Politics - TylerFarrar...

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Tyler Farrar Administrative Law Analysis of  Smoking and Politics 2/26/2009
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  Bureaucratic agencies have become essential to democracies. Executive branch  agencies are the front runners of policymaking in the United States.  Congress has delegated  power to these agencies to make government more effective. The bureaucracies have the  power to make regulations. Agency regulations have the effect of law. They are no different than  congressional legislation.  In fact, the legislative output made by the administrative branch  agencies that directly affect  and govern people and property may be thirty times larger than that  of the laws passed by Congress (3).  However, bureaucracies are not all powerful. These  agencies are created by Congress and they are responsible for interpreting and implementing  the law as Congress would approve. The oversight that Congress holds over the bureaucracy  proved to be a hindrance for them in regards to the regulation of tobacco.  The tobacco industry was able to become a powerful juggernaut. Tobacco cultivation  has been a part of American history.  They accumulated a lot of economic power in the early  20 th  century. During the 1960s and 1970s, they had revenues around $48 billion a year and  employed nearly 47,000 workers (21).  The tobacco industry had accumulated an in an entire  subsystem in the United States. The subsystem included paid representatives of tobacco,  marketing organizations, and members of Congress (18). The tobacco industry had their foot in  the door in so many different organizations they were able to maintain the status quo through 
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the 1970s. It wasn’t until a growing public health agenda and the efforts of the Surgeon General  and the Federal Trade Commission came together to amount resistance to the tobacco industry.  In 1964, the Federal Trade Commission made the first step in regulating the  tobacco industry. In that year the proposed that health warnings be announced in all cigarette  advertising and all cigarette packages (25).  This was the first step by a bureaucratic agency to  regulate the industry. However the agency was met with fierce resistance by the tobacco  subsystem and Congress. The tobacco industry was able to prevail through the 1960s with their  overwhelming lobbying power in Congress.  The Federal Trade Commission was accused of  acting unconstitutional in their efforts to regulate tobacco.  The cigarette companies were  displeased with the Federal Trade Commission’s intent to create a health warning.  The 
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This note was uploaded on 07/26/2011 for the course PLSC 4163 taught by Professor Kelley during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas.

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Admin Law- Smoking and Politics - TylerFarrar...

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