approaches to managing Antarctic fisheries and the pros-
pects for more effective management in the future.
This section of the book is followed by three annexes
reproducing the published conservation measures intro-
duced by CCAMLR, the equivalent measures introduced
for the peri-Antarctic islands and Antarctic territory ad-
ministered by the French, and a statement to resolve
potential resultant ambiguities. There are also a glossary
of terms and acronyms, a useful index, and an extensive
bibliography amounting to no fewer than 43 pages.
Kock has produced an informative and authoritative
account about Antarctic fish that will serve as a general
reference on the subject for years to come. It is gratifying
to note that the book has been produced to a high standard,
which is very necessary because this publication will
inevitably have to withstand heavy use by specialist polar
biologists and general readers alike, and may, in some part,
justify the relatively high cost. (Martin G. White, British
Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cam-
bridge CB3 OET.)
di Prisco, G., B. Maresca, and B. Tota (editors). 1991.
biology of Antarctic fishes.
THE MYTH OF THE EXPLORER: THE PRESS,
SENSATIONALISM, AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIS-
Beau Riffenburgh. 1993. London: Belhaven
Press, in association with the Scott Polar Research Insti-
tute; New York: St Martin's Press, ix + 226 p, illustrated,
hardcover. ISBN 1-85293-260-0. £39.50.
At a time when the news media increasingly are having to
defend themselves against charges of purchasing, control-
ling, and trivializing the news,
The myth of the explorer
arrives to remind us that, while the technology of deliver-
ing news might have changed radically in the last century,
the type of people who are in charge of the news business
News is what sells. News is what people want to read.
But mostly, news is what the people in charge of the news
business say it is. And the wisest of these knew in the
nineteenth century, just as they know now, that without an
audience to buy the news, there is no news, or, at least, no
commercially viable news industry.
Taking place primarily during the half-century be-
tween 1860 and 1910, and set against the Victorian motif
of global exploration,
The myth of the explorer
is a valu-
able, and extremely readable, chronicle of an age before
television and satel lites, of a time when news could be and
often was privately controlled by those wealthy enough to
sponsor and, therefore, create it.
As the nineteenth century passed its midpoint, rival
newsmen whetted the public's appetite for sensationalism
by privately sponsoring explorer-correspondents in Af-
rica. Later still, newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic
bankrolled expeditions to the northern polar regions, the
principal aim of which was getting a leg up on their
journalistic competitors. To the extent that the public's
knowledge of unknown places and conditions was ex-