Reading 3 Immanuel Kant The Categorical Imperative

Reading 3 Immanuel Kant The Categorical Imperative - 4....

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Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative Review: 1. Good will is the only thing that can be taken as good without qualification. Good will is not good because of what it affects or accomplishes: it is good through its willing alone. The reason for doing a deed is more important than the result. 2. In a hypothetical imperative you don’t know beforehand what it will contain until its condition is given. In a categorical imperative you know at once what is contains. A hypothetical imperative is something that applies to an individual while a categorical imperative applies to everyone. 3. The first categorical imperative is “Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.” Kant uses this rule by first questioning if the act the individual is about to carry out contradicts any of the rules and than checks to see what effect it has on others.
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Unformatted text preview: 4. What serves the will as a subjective ground of its self-determination is an end, and what contains the ground of the possibility of actions whose effect is an end is called a means. Act only in ways that treat others as ends-in-themselves, and never merely as means. Discussion: 1. They are similar, because the first rule assumes that a maxim should be held universally while the second states that the rational being is the basis of all maxims of action and must be treated never as a mere means but as the supreme limiting condition in the use of all means, i.e., as an end at the same time. 2. No, because even though the motive for doing an act may not be honorable others still benefit from the act. 3. Yes, it could be argued that if people participate in an activity such as basketball with out an honorable motive than they are doing something immoral....
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2008 for the course PHIL 140g taught by Professor Kwon during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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