Critical analysis of sensationalism - Page 1 Adrian Vergara...

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Adrian Vergara Heidke * Critical analysis of sensationalism : media construction of crime on Costa Rican television 1. Introduction According to the United Nations Program for Development (PNUD 2005), there is a Costa Rica social alarm about crime. Shows that there is a perception tion "excessive" population about their chances of being victims of some types of crimes. On the other hand, shows that of 2,270 people who claim to see the sec- ments on television news about crime (news events), 78.3% indicated that Costa Rica is "little" or "not sure." This would say that television plays a fundamental role in generating the perception of insecurity. However, lack of research on television to inform and understand this permit phenomenon. The main investigations only indicate the preference programs information by the news of events (Fonseca 2005), which shows a thematized- tion, ie the recurrence of a theme (of certain events and actors), but not its contents and how to present, which are central factors in the inter- interpretation of a message. This is one of the reasons why we have proposed study the discourse on crime and semiotic resources used in the noti- cial television in Costa Rica, which we give inputs to understand and explain as far as possible, that perception of excessive insecurity in the country. In this paper we present the results of the analysis of two television news on crime: a Teletica channel and another channel Repretel. Both news are approached from the theory and method called critical analysis speech 1 (ACD), which conceptualize 2 as the discipline that tries to reconstruct * BA and MA in Linguistics from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Current- Mind performed his doctoral work at the Universität Bremen thanks to a grant from the Deutscher Akad- Mischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD). His main research interests are discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis and applied linguistics to law. He is the author of "Strategy-autolegi estimation in the newspaper La Nacion "(2006) and" Acts of speech in newspaper editorials Nation Costa Rica "(2006). Contact: avheidke@hotmail.com. 1 Following Siegfried Jäger, consider the discourse 'as the flow of knowledge, and all -a societal knowledge accumulated throughout history '[. ..], flow that determines the facts individual or collective, as well as the training that shapes society and thus, exercise power "(2003, 63). 2 Other approaches to critical discourse analysis are presented and analyzed in Titsch et al. (1998),
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Wodak (2003), Jäger (2004) and Murillo (2004). Iber oamericana, VIII, 32 (2008), 99-1 17 Rev32-01 12.03.2008 1:24 Page 99 Page 2 100 Adrian Vergara Heidke knowledge of a social group at a historic moment, from its manifestations tion in semiotic products and explain its relationship to social situations (excluding, discrimination, domination, control), in order to show our dissent to them and find ways to overcome them. We approach the subject of study for linguistics, therefore, applied in this work
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Critical analysis of sensationalism - Page 1 Adrian Vergara...

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