Some elements for their understanding and analysis
Torrico Villanueva *
While sensationalism, as a way of presenting the facts, is almost as old as the printing press,
the fact is
that studies on the subject are so far rather scarce at the international level and more in the case of
No one has, for example, a sufficient conceptual clarity about the nature and characteristics of tabloid
journalism and has worked consistently in the description, analysis or understanding of such experiences
that occur mostly in the press and on television most countries.
Are hardly considered accurately,
therefore, its origins, its formal aspects and content, its alleged effects, the reasons for its almost always
successful (and controversial) application, the commercial angle, the composition of public or other
related factors .
In Latin America, academic papers addressing this topic are still rather rare, even in nations with
significant specialized intellectual production as Brazil or Mexico, where they are not findable more than a
few investigations (see Benetti and Cervantes, for example).
With regard to Bolivia has identified only a
master's thesis in Communication, dealing from an ethical point of view of an upcoming issue: coverage
and treatment received news that a period of "suicide wave" in the press La Paz and Sucre.
Anyway, this last absence may be partly explained by the fact that sensationalism, despite some possible
concrete manifestations in the country, as the journal "Alarm" Events "and" Cases Metropolicial "missing
Daily "Meridian" and "La Quinta" or the radio and television programs "The Metropolicial" and "The
Telepolicial" respectively-ever, until 1999, finished to succeed and earn a majority acceptance. So now the
situation seems have changed and no doubt this issue will lead-as it has been up-to multiple reflections
and, hopefully, also systematic studies.
A few background
However, that the manifestations of sensationalist present in public disclosure forms can be traced even
to the sixteenth century to the German and French newspapers that included notes about crimes, family
dramas and gossip about royalty, it was only in the second half of XIX that the assumed in this condition,
ie, as expressions of a particular and deliberate way of doing journalism.
This occurred mainly in France,
England, Germany and the United States.
In the U.S. case, which is best illustrated by the development of this form of journalism, competition to