CRJ 308 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT Mental Mind State

CRJ 308 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT Mental Mind State - 1 RUNNING...

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1 RUNNING HEAD: MENTAL MIND STATE Mental Mind State Levuris J. Smith CRJ 308 Instructor Beth Humm July 25, 2011
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2 MIND STATE The discrimination and stigma associated with mental illnesses largely stem from the link between mental illness and violence in the minds of the general public, according to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (1999). Crime is neither mental disorder nor necessarily evidence of such disorder. It is a misconception that all criminals are "sick," especially those who commit apparently senseless crimes or particularly serious crimes such as murder or rape. The concepts of crime and of mental disorder should be kept distinct. Crime is a violation of the criminal law, whereas mental disorder refers to behavior that is usually marked by some type of lack of the general capacity for rationality and accompanying distress or dysfunction. Conduct resulting from mental disorder may or may not be criminal and people with mental disorder may or may not be legally responsible for the behavior that mental disorder produces. Criminal behavior, by contrast, is often highly rational. Thus, some crime is the product of mental disorder, but to consider all crime as a manifestation of such disorder would tend both to eliminate any sensible boundaries to the concept of mental disorder and to play havoc with generally accepted notions of morality and accountability. “Mental illness is a disorder (some say a disease) of the mind that is judged by experts to interfere substantially with a person’s ability to cope with life on a daily basis (Bartol & Bartol, 2011). Mental disorders are manifested in a variety of behaviors, ranging in severity from dangerous, harmful acts to conduct that is essentially innocuous. “The nature of mental disorder is a controversial issue. Some maintain that there is no such thing as mental illness at all; there are brain diseases and problems of living, but mental illness does not exist. Others believe that almost any deviance from what is taken as normal behavior can be counted as a symptom of a mental disorder” (Varelius, 2009).
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3 MIND STATE Classification of psychological disorders requires that symptoms be identified; sets of symptoms form a syndrome. Several of the most prevalent of the DSM-IV's 16 categories of disorders follow. A post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by the re-experiencing of a traumatic event, symptoms of increased arousal, avoidance of reminders of the original trauma, and diminished interest in daily activities. Many war veterans retain vivid memories of flashbacks and nightmares about traumatic events experienced during battle. Schizophrenic disorders are severe disorders characterized by distorted thoughts and perceptions, atypical communication, inappropriate emotion, abnormal motor behavior, and social withdrawal. The slow-developing schizophrenia known as chronic or process schizophrenia has a poor prognosis for recovery; when a formerly well-adjusted individual develops schizophrenia; known as
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CRJ 308 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT Mental Mind State - 1 RUNNING...

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