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Unformatted text preview: -consistent-simple-probable-uses physical explanation-stimulates research-makes predictions-testable Biology 4 basic questions 1. Origin 2. Diversity 3. Adaptation 4. Scala naturae: scale 2 hypotheses Divine creation= Supreme Being created organism exactly as they appear today Evolution= organisms change through time- species are not fixed Historical background of hypothesis 1. Linnaeus- classification scheme 2. Hutton- proposes a system of gradualism 3. Adam Smith- Laissez Faire economics 4. Lamark- system of acquired characteristics 5. Malthus- population grows geometrically 6. Lyell- wrote the definition on geologically 7. Cuvier- conveyer of studies in paleontology 8. Darwin- natural selection 9. Wallace- Co-discoverer of natural selection 10. Mendel- origin of genetic relationships...
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