11-4-10 notes

11-4-10 notes - Dakotah Forell 11/4/10 The Americas before...

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11/4/10 The Americas before European Conquest Humans in the Western Hemisphere - Arrival of humans 50,000 to 20,000 years ago - Why? - Probably following game Ancient Americans Civilization - Mayans of Central America - Aztecs of Mexico - Incas of Puro Early Settlers and Origins - Earliest groups Hunter-gatherers - 2500-2300 BCE- beans, squash, pumpkin - Potatoes- Inca - No large animals- turkey, Deer, Dog - What does this lead to? -Larger populations -Villages and towns -complex social organization Olmec Civilization 1500BCE-300CE “Rubber people” - Complex Social System - Highly Organized Religion - Complex Trade - Wealthy Ruling Class - Writing San Lorenzo- fertile area, high populations, Monumental Architecture, destroyed in 900 BCE La Venta- 900-300 BCE, Great Pyramid 110 feet high Tres Zapotes- 300 BCE- 300CE Mayan Civilization 300CE- 900CE Descended from North American Indian group 300-900 CE “Classical period” Possibly as many as 14,000,000 people Agriculturally based Intensive trade- obsidian, jade, cacao
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11-4-10 notes - Dakotah Forell 11/4/10 The Americas before...

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