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Midterm study guide

Midterm study guide - Study guide for midterm Institutions...

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Study guide for midterm Institutions An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for society Read Principles of Democratic governments on page 10 (majority rule, minority rights, and so on) Universal suffrage-the right of all adults to vote Majority rule-a basic principle of democracy asserting that the greatest number of citizens in any political unit should select officials and determine policies Minority rights- To ensure that majority rule does not become oppressive, modern democracies also provide guarantees of minority rights. Ideology A comprehensive set of beliefs about the nature of people and about the role of an institution or government The most common formal method of proposing an Amendment to the constitution By a two-thirds vote in both chambers of congress then three-fourths of the state legislatures must approve the amendment The most common formal method of ratifying an Amendment to the constitution Supreme court held that Congress can specify a time for ratification as long as it is “reasonable” Which document embodies the principle of limited government? Limited government -government with powers that are limited either through a written document or through widely shared beliefs. U.S. Constitution What was the first government in the United States called? Why was it so weak? The Articles of Confederation -first form of government. Weaknesses of the Articles: did not have the right to demand revenues from the states-could only ask for them. Actions of congress required the consent of nine states. Any amendments to the Articles required consent of the Congress and confirmation by every state legislature. It did not create a national system of courts. No national government intended simply established a “league of friendship” among the states. The Supremacy doctrine Supremacy Doctrine -a doctrine that asserts the priority of national law over state laws. This principle is rooted in Article VI of the Constitution. The constitution, the laws passed by the national government, and all treaties constitute the supreme law of the land. The great compromise Great Compromise -the compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans that created one chamber of the Congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equally; also called the Connecticut Compromise Judicial review The Judicial Review -the power of the Supreme Court and other courts to declare unconstitutional federal or state laws and other acts of government Elastic clause ( referred to as the necessary and proper clause)
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Elastic powers -the clause in Article 1, Section 8, that grants Congress the power to do whatever is necessary to execute its specifically delegated powers The Tenth amendment (States rights) The tenth amendment states that the powers not delegated to the Unites States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states, or to the people
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