Study guide for chapters 5 and 10 (1)

Study guide for chapters 5 and 10 (1) - Study guide for...

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Study guide for chapters 5 and 10 Chapter 5 What is the difference between Civil rights and civil liberties? Civil liberties are basically limitations on the government; they specify what the government cannot do. Civil Rights specify what the government must do to ensure equal protection and freedom from discrimination Dred Scott decision Slaves were not citizens of the United States nor were they entitled to the rights and privileges of citizenship. Court also ruled that the Missouri Compromise, which banned slaves in the territories north of 36°30’ latitude (southern border of Missouri), was unconstitutional. De facto segregation Racial segregation that occurs because of past social and economic conditions and residential racial patterns De Jour segregation Racial segregation that occurs because of laws or administrative decisions by public agencies Poll taxes A special tax that must be paid as a qualification for voting. In 1964, the twenty-fourth Amendment to the Constitution outlawed the poll tax in the national elections, and in 1966 the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in all elections. Plessy v. Fergusson Plessy created the separate-but-equal doctrine-the doctrine holding that separate-but-equal facilities do not violate the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Civil Rights Acts of 1964, 1965, 1968 Civil Rights Act of 1964- prohibits discrimination of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 restricts discrimination in voter registration, in public places, in schools, and in the work place. The Voting Rights Act of 1965-had two conditions. These conditions were enforced because even though African Americans could vote there were still hindrances that made voting harder for them. One condition was to outlaws voter-registration tests based on race and the other was to make sure certain political subdivisions did not change their voting procedures without federal
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This note was uploaded on 07/27/2011 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Lenny during the Summer '08 term at Georgia Perimeter.

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Study guide for chapters 5 and 10 (1) - Study guide for...

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