Functional Neuroanatomy

Functional Neuroanatomy - Neuron - 4 basic functional and...

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Neuron  - 4 basic functional and structural divisions --> collects signals from several sources --> integrates and transforms info --> distributes processed info to other cells by electrochemical signals   Like other cells neurons have mitochondria, nucleus, and ribosomes   1. Dendrites      - input zones, receives info from other neurons 2. Cell Body      - (soma) integration zone 3. Axon      - conduction zone 4. Axon terminals (synaptic boutons)      - output zones Neurons :   Multipolar = many dendrites and a single axon --> most neurons of vertebrate brains   Bipolar = single dendrite at one end of the cell and single axon at the other end --> found in retina and olfactory system   Monopolar = single branch (~ axon) that extends in 2 directions with one input zone and  one output zone --> transmit touch info from body to spinal cord   Types: Function --> motoneurons
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Functional Neuroanatomy - Neuron - 4 basic functional and...

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