NNSA-MCA-Huizenga - Beyond Guns, Gates and Guards An...

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Beyond Guns, Gates and Guards An Integrated Approach to Nuclear Material Security Presented by Maegon Barlow Dave Huizenga, Maegon Barlow, and Elly Melamed Director Office of International Material Protection and Cooperation The United States Department of Energy
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Beyond Guns, Gates and Guards ± The work implemented by the Office of International Material Protection and Cooperation (IMPC) has often been summarized as focusing on “guns, guards, and gates” (the “3 Gs”). ± While the “3Gs” remain necessary, they are no longer sufficient for protecting against today’s nuclear threats. ± Achieving effective nuclear security demands a more holistic, interdisciplinary and layered approach. ± This paper will discuss the evolution of the IMPC Program’s strategy to develop and implement an integrated approach to nuclear material security.
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Presentation Goals ± The Evolving Threat of Nuclear Terrorism ± Mission of the Office of International Material Protection and Cooperation ± A brief overview of the IMPC Program and Major accomplishments to date ± Evolution of the IMPC Program ± Future Challenges
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The Evolving Threat Terrorism has undergone a fundamental shift. Desire to cause maximum damage Open-source media has reported that terrorists now seek to acquire nuclear materials or weapons stolen and smuggled from nuclear sites to inflict mass civilian casualties. A bomb with the explosive power of 10,000 tons of TNT, if set off in a major city on a typical workday, could kill up to 500,000 people and cause roughly $1 trillion in direct economic damage (Harvard University report).
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Devastating consequences would have a global impact and therefore a dedicated global effort is required to prevent nuclear and radiological terrorism. The key barrier preventing terrorists from achieving nuclear attack capability is the difficulty of acquiring weapons-useable nuclear materials. The Evolving Threat
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The IMPC Mission ± The Office of International Material Protection and Cooperation is responsible for enhancing the security of vulnerable stockpiles of nuclear weapons & weapons useable materials in countries of concern and to improve the ability to deter and detect the illicit trafficking of such materials. ± Began in 1994 as a task force to mitigate the security vulnerabilities ± Program has evolved into a global effort, engaging over 40 countries to deny terrorists the vital materials needed to engage in acts of nuclear terror.
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The IMPC implements this mission by pursuing defense in depth strategy that includes both a first line of defense , the material protection control and accounting program, as well as a second line of defense focused on the interdiction of illicit radiological materials at international border crossings, airports and seaports. Defense In Depth Strategy
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NNSA-MCA-Huizenga - Beyond Guns, Gates and Guards An...

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