NTI-Glossary-of-Terms - NTI Glossary of Terms...

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NTI Glossary of Terms - Nonproliferation Reference: http://www.nti.org/h_learnmore/h7_glossary.html The Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) is a non-profit organization with a mission to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, and to work to build the trust, transparency and security which are preconditions to the ultimate fulfillment of the Non-Proliferation Treaty’s goals and ambitions. A Active defenses: Active defenses use weapons systems or countermeasures to blunt an attack as it is taking place. Anti-ballistic-missile defenses are the most visible and most controversial example today. Ad Hoc Group of Governmental Experts to Identify and Examine Verification Measures from a Scientific and Technical Standpoint (VEREX): Created in September 1991 during the Third Review Conference of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention ( BWC ). VEREX was tasked with identifying measures that could be used to determine whether a state party to the BWC is "developing, producing, stockpiling, acquiring, or retaining" biological weapons ( BW ). In its final report of September 24, 1993, it described and analyzed 21 such measures, including but not limited to declarations of biological agents, on-site inspections, and multilateral information sharing. African Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone: See Treaty of Pelindaba below. Agreed Framework: The 1994 agreement between the United States and North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK) to "freeze" the DPRK nuclear program. The agreement outlined a 10-year program during which the United States, South Korea and Japan pledged to construct two new proliferation-resistant, light-water-moderated nuclear reactors in the DPRK in exchange for the shutting down of all its existing nuclear facilities. In addition, the DPRK agreed to remain a party to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and accept International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) full-scope safeguards. The multi-lateral Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) was designated to oversee implementation of the agreement. The agreed framework was never fully implemented. The agreement fell apart after North Korea admitted that it conducted uranium enrichment activities in October 2002, and KEDO suspended heavy oil shipments to the DPRK later that year. [See the North Korea Country Profile: Nuclear Overview .]
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Air defenses: Systems deployed to defend territory or troops from attack by aircraft or cruise missiles. Antarctic Treaty: This Treaty was opened for signature on December 1, 1959, and entered into force on June 23, 1961. The Antarctic Treaty internationalizes and demilitarizes the Antarctic continent. It specifies that Antarctica be used for peaceful purposes only; all activities of a military nature, including testing of any type of weapon, are prohibited. No military activities, armaments, or prohibited nuclear activities have been observed on the continent during
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This note was uploaded on 07/28/2011 for the course ENU 4930 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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NTI-Glossary-of-Terms - NTI Glossary of Terms...

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