History 186

History 186 - 26/04/2011 01:09:00 Antiochus IV Died 164 BC...

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Unformatted text preview: 26/04/2011 01:09:00 Antiochus IV Died 164 BC Ruled the Seleucid Empire Near conquest of Egypt Led to rebellion of the Jewish Maccabee Assumed divine epithets Strike against Egypt o Conquered everything but Alexandria and captured King Ptolemy Barnabas Born a Jew in Cyrus Born by named of Joses Apostles gave him name of Barnabas Undertook missions with Paul of Tarsus Participated in the Council of Jerusalem, 50 C.E. Martyred at Salamis, Cyprus, 61 C.E. Appears mainly in acts Pontifex Maximus Pontifex Maximus Chief Priest Oversaw all sacrifices and ceremonies essential to maintaining the pax deorum o peace of the gods Paralleled role of pater familias Highest priest in Roman religion with ultimate responsibily for the pax deorum, the peaceful relation to the gods. Pax deorum, Pliny the Younger, Nero or Caligula LXX The Septuagint Greek version of the Hebrew Bible Translated between 3 rd and 2 nd centuries BCE Pontius Pilate Roman procurator Did not want to pass judgement on what seemed to be a question of religion Preferred to send Jesus to Herod Antipas, Jewish Authority Antipas mocked Jesus and sent him back to Pontius Pilate Pilate condemns Jesus to death for claiming to be king of the Jews o Crime against the emperor This takes place 33 C.E. Qumran Archaeological site in West Bank Located on dry plateau Occupied most of the time until it was destroy by Romans in c68CE Flavius Josephus 1 st Century Romano-Jewish historian Recorded jewish history and first jewish-roman war Believed in Hellenistic Judaism Works: o The Jewish War (c. 75 CE) o Antiquities of the Jews (c. 94 CE) Important for understanding Dead Sea Scrolls Associated as a member of the Pharisees but viewed as a traitor Herod the Great Reigned from ca 37-4 BCE Client kind of Israel Colossal building projects in Jerusalem Rebuilding of Second Temple in Jerusalem Port of Caesarea Maritima Employed 1000 priests as masons and carpenters Temple destroy in 70 CE In Bible, gave orders to kill all boys of the age of two and under in Bethlehem and its vicinity with fear of Jesus taking his spot. Killed his own wife and two of his sons King of the Jews/Judeans, according to Matthew his friends made an exception in his case to use this title His territory was divded among three of his sons, one of whom was Herod Antipas, who was designated tetrarch (not king) of Galilee. The Second Temple rebuilt by him in Jerusalem, babies killed in Bethlehem due to Jesus birth (the story in luke)...
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History 186 - 26/04/2011 01:09:00 Antiochus IV Died 164 BC...

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