TravisMathenyUnit4ProjectPS300

TravisMathenyUnit4ProjectPS300 - Observational Research...

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Observational Research 1 Running head: EVALUATING OBSERVATIONAL RESEARCH Research Methods: Evaluating an Observational Research Study Travis H Matheny PS300-01 Research Methods 1 Professor Mariselle McKeon Ph.D. Kaplan University August 22, 2010
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Observational Research 2 Research Methods: Evaluating an Observational Research Study There are many different methods of research used in the study of psychology. One method that is used quite often to study human behavior is referred to as an observational research design. There are also different methods of observational research used when studying behavior, which depends on the overall goal or goals of the researcher. This essay is going to explain the different methods of observational research as well as give an evaluation of a specific observational research study. The evaluation will include identifying the observation method used, describe whether or not the conclusions arrived at are valid, why or why not, and what observational method if any could provide the researcher with a more accurate description of what is occurring. One method of observation that is used to study behavior is called naturalistic observation, which is when a researcher studies behavior as it naturally occurs in order to investigate the relationship between the variables that are present (Zechmeister, Zechmeister, Shaughnessy, 2001, p. 85). This is accomplished through direct observation, meaning the researcher does not intervene with the individuals, situation, or event that is being studied. This method is usually used when ethical or moral considerations prevent researchers from manipulating or controlling the situation (Zechmeister, Zechmeister, Shaughnessy, 2001, p. 85). Researchers also use what is referred to as indirect observation or unobtrusive observation which is often used to examine physical traces or archived records. Important advantages to unobtrusive methods of observation are that they are nonreactive, meaning the observations are made indirectly making it impossible for the individuals being observed to react or change their behavior in light of being observed (Zechmeister, Zechmeister, Shaughnessy, 2001, p. 85).
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This note was uploaded on 07/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 370 taught by Professor Lang during the Spring '11 term at Kaplan University.

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TravisMathenyUnit4ProjectPS300 - Observational Research...

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