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TravisMathenyUnit4ProjectSS350

TravisMathenyUnit4ProjectSS350 - Running head Urie...

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Running head: Urie Bronfenbrenner's Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theory of Human Development Travis Matheny SS350-02 Developmental Psychology Kaplan University Professor Peter Lenz Ph.D.
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Abstract The work of Urie Bronfenbrenner is called an ecological theory of development; a framework to examine the various interactions between the developing child from parental relationships to the environment, social settings, cultural influences and economic factors. There are four levels of environmental influences; the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem are each nested within one another representing the different degrees of intimate interactions. Change and constancy are mediated by the passage of time, the chronosystem and the author's life events leading up to entering graduate school are illustrated through interactions within the ecological model.
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Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory of Development The ecological model designed by Bronfenbrenner was a response to what the creator himself described as “the science of the strange behavior of children in strange situations with strange adults for the briefest periods of time.” (Bronfenbrenner, 1977, p. 513) In time, Bronfenbrenner’s efforts helped create a body of research reflecting human development from real-life situations in real-life settings. This paper will delve deeper into Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory of development, system by system, how it relates to the authors personal development, specifically those life events leading to entering graduate school for a Masters in counseling. Bronfenbrenner states that human development takes place through interactions between the individual and the environment, defined as persons, objects and symbols in the person’s immediate world. These interactions are a two-way street, that is the individual interacts with the environment and the environment interacts with the individual. These events are most effective over long, consistent periods of time. Bronfenbrenner terms these most intimate and enduring interactions as proximal processes (Bronfenbrenner, 1993). An infant cries, the parent responds. These responses are critical with respect with to its duration, frequency, stability (is it interrupted or prolonged?),
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intensity and with proper timing (Bronfenbrenner, Evans 2000). This preposition has been borne out, as consistently high levels of mother-child interaction has resulted in lower incidences of problem behavior in lower-class families (Bronfenbrenner, 1994).
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