Understanding Criminal Behavior CRIJ 4336.02 DR. XAVIER SERNA
Understanding Criminal Behavior Chapter 5: Human Aggression & Violence
Understanding Human Behavior “Media Violence” (4m; May 2008)
Defining Aggression Difficult to define; many definitions. Aggression Behavior perpetrated or attempted with the intention of harming another individual physically or psychologically (as opposed to socially) or to destroy an object. Passive-aggressive Aggressive in intent, although behavior is passive and indirect.
Difficult to define; many definitions. Hostile or expressive aggression Occurs in response to anger-inducing conditions such as real or perceived insults, physical attacks, or one’s own failures; aggressor’s intent is to make victim suffer. Instrumental aggression Begins with competition or desire for some object or status possessed by another; perpetrator tries to obtain the desired object regardless of the cost. Violence The destructive physical aggression intentionally directed at harming other persons or things. “Aggression Presentation - Social Psychology Project” (student presentation; 7m) Defining Aggression
“Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Agg ressive Models” (Bandura et al. 1961) Bandura suggests that an adequate definition of aggression must consider both the “injurious behavior” of the perpetrator and the “social judgment” of the victim Bandura believed individuals model aggressive or violent behaviors from others. “Bobo Doll Experiment” (2min) Defining Aggression
Psychodynamic View Human beings are susceptible from birth to a buildup of aggressive energy, which must be dissipated or drained off before it reaches a dangerous level. This is known as the psychodynamic or hydraulic model . Similar to pressure buildup in a container. Freud believed people who have tirades are blowing off the excess steam of aggressive energy.
Psychoanalytical View If violent crime is to be controlled, the human animal must be provided with multiple but appropriate channels for catharsis. Psychotherapy is a channel of catharsis.
Ethological Viewpoints Ethology is the study of animal behavior in relation to the animal’s natural habitat, and it compares that to human behavior.
- Winter '17
- Physiology of Aggression