jud roughdraft - Running head Judaism 1 What is Judaism...

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Running head: Judaism 1 What is Judaism? Hum130 26JUN11 Deborah Gregory
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Running head: Judaism 2 What is Judaism? The religion of Judaism was founded in 2000 BC by Abraham and his son Isaac and it is the religion of the Jewish people. According to scripture, Judaism was founded on an agreement between God and Abraham as well as the agreement with Moses in 1200 BC. It was one of the first monotheistic religions and possibly the oldest that is still in practice today (Jewfaq, 2009). There are many scholars that feel that the morals and the history of the Jewish people played a significant role in the creation of other highly followed religions such as Christianity, Islam, and Samaritanism. This paper presents research of the beliefs and practices of Judaism; describes the worship space; summarizes an interview with a believer; and, compares Christianity with Judaism. The assumption and thought that Judaism and Christianity are essentially the same, with the exception of a few minor differences is inaccurate. Through studying the differences between the religions and having a very long talk with an orthodox Jew, one can come to realize that there are many substantial and vital distinctions between the two. Today, there are approximately 18 million followers of this religion (Jewfaq 2009). Judaism teaches the importance of the family life and encourages community among all members of Jewish faith. Jews believe in one God and that he created the world and watches over it. They believe he is all powerful. They believe that he taught his people through the use of prophets. Jews believe in the Old Testament books of the Bible and the focus is primarily on the books known as the Torah. Judaism believes that the Torah identifies 163 commandments that must be followed. Jews do not believe in salvation, but they do believe that the Messiah will eventually come, resurrect the dead, and create heaven on earth. There are three main divisions of the Jewish religion; the Orthodox Community, the Reform movement and the Conservative Jews. The Orthodox Jews believe that the Torah
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Running head: Judaism 3 is derived directly from God and is completely binding. The Reform movement focuses primarily on the ethical values and the Conservative Jews follow the Torah, but make changes to keep up with the times (Jewfaq 2009). As Sacramento’s oldest Jewish congregation and its largest Reform synagogue, B’nai Israel is devoted to honoring the traditions of heritage while creating a Jewish experience that is relevant to today’s society. They nurture spirituality and personal reflection through prayer, music, education and social action. This congregation fosters friendship and community with Shabbat dinners, ritual events and affinity groups that reflect our diversity.
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