The Big Five - "The Big Five" model is a personality theory...

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"The Big Five" model is a personality theory that describes personality using 5 basic traits.Openness to Experience is a general appreciation for art, unusual ideas, curiosity, and imagination. This trait distinguishes pp who are more imaginative from those who are down-to-earth. Pp who are more open tend to be more creative, more likely to be open to new and different ideas, and more in- touch with his/her feelings. Pp who score lower in openness to experience tend to be more closed-off. They are generally more analytical and resistant to change. They see imagination and art as things that are a waste of time.Conscientiousness is a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement. This trait shows a preference for planned rather than spontaneous behavior. Conscientious individuals achieve high levels of success through purposeful planning and persistence. They are also regarded by others as responsible and reliable. They can become compulsive perfectionists and workaholics. A person who is more conscientious and plans his/her work and practices self-discipline will be more likely to succeed. Those people are focused and aware of the work that needs to get done and do it in a timely and efficient manner.Extraversion is the tendency to seek out the company and stimulation of others. The trait is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented people, who love excitement. In groups they like to talk and draw attention to themselves.Introverts lack the exuberence, energy, and activity level of extraverts. The tend to be quiet and low-key and not very involved in the social world. Introverts shouldn't be confused with depression or shyness, they simply lack the need for external stimulation that extraverts crave. Agreeableness is the tendency to be compassionate and cooperative with others. The trait reflects individual differences for social harmony. Agreeable individuals, as the name suggests, generally get along with others. They generally have an optimistic view of human nature.Neuroticism is the tendency to experience negative emotions, such as anger, depression, or anxiety. Those who score high in neuroticism are highly reactive in stressful situations. They are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening or minor situations as too difficult or as impossible . Expectancy theory argues that work motivation is multiplicative function of expectancy (ieffort will yield a given level of task performance), instrumentality ( given level of achieved task performance will lead to various work outcomes), and valence ( the value attached by the individual to various work outcome). Motivation will be low when expectancy, instrumentality, or valence approach zero. Motivation will be high when the expectancy and instrumentality probabilities are high and valence is highly positive. Managers can influence expectancies by selecting people with the proper abilities, training them well, supporting them with need resources, and identifying
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This note was uploaded on 07/28/2011 for the course GM 591 taught by Professor Jimlot during the Spring '09 term at Keller Graduate School of Management.

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The Big Five - "The Big Five" model is a personality theory...

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