Unformatted text preview: Fw‘hh‘, , ,,,,,,,, _ _,.y.__----..w---_--...---...,..;.‘.e , reAV.-- addresses and then refutes (disproves) an opposing claim to a speaker’s position. Chapter 27 [M In a special occasion speech, a type of speech purpose whose goai' Is to focus on a
social/political' Issue and reinforce a message that relates to it mm A speech whose purpose is twofold: to communicate the meaning of the award and to explain why the recipient is receiving it.
mm A speech used repeatedly and without sufficient adaptation to the rhetorical speech
situation. chapter 28
“Types of roles that directly relate to the accomplishments of the objectives and missions of a group. Recording secretary and moderator are examples of task roles.
W Types of roles or styles of interacting in a group that facilitate group interaction.
W Negative interpersonal roles or group members who focus on individual versus
group needs. These needs are usually irrelevant to the task at hand and are not oriented toward maintenance of the group as a team.
MA form of group conflict in which questions are clariﬁed, ideas are challenged,
counterexamples are presented, worst-case scenarios are considered. and proposals are reformulated. W Conflict in which group members personalize disagreements over issues,
thereby wasting time, distracting the group from its mission, and impairing motivation. WConﬂict that allows group members to test and debate ideas and potential
solutions. It requires each member to ask tough questions, press for clarification, and present
alternative views. WA state of mind adopted by group members in which they determine that the group
communication will be careful, consistent, and conscientious. “The tendency of a group to accept information and ideas without subjecting them to critical
analysis. Groupthink results from strong feelings of loyalty and unity within a group and can lead to a
decline in the quality ofthe group's decisions. Wm Arguing for the sake of raising issues or concerns about the idea under discussion. 'WWDevil's advocacy (see above) that goes a step further by proposing a countersolution to an idea.
William leader who facilitates a group’s activities and interactions in ways that will lead to a desired outcome. Chapter 29
“Mew-A synonym for Monroe’s motivated sequence, a five’part process of persuasion. Chapter 30
“We: mam mistake”: An audience of individuals who share a speaker's knowledge of the
general ﬁeld under question but who may not be familiar with the speciﬁc topic under discussion.
”would“: An audience of individuals who have no specialized knowledge of the general field related
to speaker's topic or of the topic itself. MWMM WM' An oral presentation describing and sometimes demonstrating an
experimental or mathematical process, including the conditions under which that process can be applied; frequently delivered in scientific and mathematical fields. ...
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- Spring '10