Unformatted text preview: researcher.
database: A searchable place, or ”base," in which information is stored and from which it can be retrieved. full-text database: A database in which at least some of the records contain the full text of articles.
reference librarian: A librarian trained to help library users locate information resources. Library of Congress call number: An identifying number that allows the user to retrieve books and other
works that have been classiﬁed according to the Library of Congress classification system. Dewey decimal number: An identifying number that allows the user to retrieve books and other works
that have been classiﬁed according to the Dewey decimal system. periodical: A regularly published magazine or journal. U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO): Responsible for publishing and distributing all information
collected and produced by federal agencies, from the Census Bureau to the Department of Education
and the Environmental Protection Agency. GPO publications also include all congressional reports and
hearings. encyclopedia: A reference work that summarizes knowledge found in original form elsewhere and
provides an overview of subjects. general encyclopedia: A reference work that attempts to cover all important subject areas of knowledge.
specialized encyclopedia: A reference work that delves deeply into one subject area, such as religion, science, art, sports, or engineering.
6 almanac: A reference work that contains facts and statistics in many categories, including those that are
related to historical, social, political, and religious subjects.
fact book: A reference work that includes key information on a given topic (e.g., facts about the
geography, government, economy, and transportation of a given country).
atlas: A collection of maps, text, and accompanying charts and tables.
interview: A type of face-to-face communication conducted for the purpose of gathering information.
Interviews can be conducted one-on-one or in a group.
neutral question: A question that doesn’t lead the interviewee to a desired response.
0 active listening: A multi-step, focused, and purposeful process of gathering and evaluating information.
a fabrication: The making up of information, such as falsifying data or experiments or claiming a source
where none exists. Chapter 10 ' World Wide Web: The most frequently used portion of the lnternet, the Web is a graphics-rich
environment of electronic pages or documents that contain text, graphics, sound, video,and—it’s most
hyperlinks: Connections that link individual pieces of information or entire Web sites to other pieces of
information or sites.
library gateway: An entry point into a large collection of research and reference information that has
been selected and reviewed by librarians. , domain: The suffix at the end of a Web address that tells you the nature of the Web site: educational
(.edu), government (.gov), military (.mil), nonprofit organization (.orgl, business/commercial (.com), “.5an - a:u———_—_- - ' r -h-_; ' ---------------
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