Ch. 6 HW Assignments

Ch. 6 HW Assignments - Trevor Grabhorn Period 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Trevor Grabhorn 9/27/10 Period 2 Identifications Ch. 6 Henry Knox- Knox joined the American colonial army in 1775 and participated in nearly every important military engagement throughout the Revolution. In November 1775 he was commissioned Colonel of Artillery. In 1775, Knox helped save Boston from capture by the British when, with the sanction of Gen. George Washington , he went to Fort Ticonderoga near the Canadian frontier to transport to Boston 55 pieces of badly needed artillery captured by Ethan Allen . Loyalists (Tories) - From 1772-1776 leaders in N. England, Virginia Gentry, and S. Carolina planters were all for political education and popular mobilization and no more than 5% were loyalists in 1776. N. Y. and N. J. were uneasy to pick sides, and the loyalists had a larger representation there, but later the 2 states produced ½ of the 21,000 loyalists who fought in the war Patriots (Whigs) - Even after the revolution, about 20% of the whites opposed the events and said that they were uncalled for; these were the loyalists (Tories), enemies of the Whigs. Loyalists shared some ideals with the Whigs, and opposed the Parliament tax, yet fought for it during the opposition; many did change sides during the war. Loyalists didn’t want separation because it would cause unnecessary war. Hessians- On Christmas night 1776 Washington attacked Hessians at Trenton, taking 918 Germans and loosing 4 men; Washington attacked 1,200 Brits at Princeton on Jan.3 1777 and took 1/3 captive while loosing 40 men. The victories boosted the confidence of soldiers and forced loyalists from N.J. to go to N.Y., setting up winter camp only 25 miles away from NYC . Marquis de Lafayette- After the 2 famous battles, Lafayette joined the Washington staff; he was a French, 20-year-old optimist; his presence in USA might mean that France might recognize the US and fight Britain, but Louis 1 st wanted proof. General John Burgoyne- Burgoyne’s 8,300 men took Frt. Ticonderoga on July 6 (100 miles N of Albany) but he lacked supplies, and his army was depleted. On Oct. 17, 1777 5,800 Burgoyne’s troops laid down their weapons due to defeat. He was the loser at Saratoga. General Horatio Gates- Burgoyne’s lack of supplies gave Gen. Horatio Gates time to collect 17,000 US troops and attack near Saratoga, causing a 1,200 men loss to Britain. Saratoga- It was the famous battle in New York and the turning point of the entire American Revolution. Frederick von Steuben- Gen. Steuben, a German helped the armies train and turned them into a fighting force. Joseph Brant- He inspired the Indian resistance to whites; he was skillful in battle and very educated; he visited King George in London in 1785; he organized the Indians into a fighting force. Some resisted fighting after heavy losses and the same was in the south Daniel Boone- was an American pioneer, explorer, and frontiersman whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now the Commonwealth of Kentucky (Kentucky), which was then beyond the western borders of the settled part of Thirteen...
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This note was uploaded on 07/29/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '10 term at Baltimore City.

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Ch. 6 HW Assignments - Trevor Grabhorn Period 2...

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