1. What forces for change are evident at the Oconomo plant? Forces for change exist both in external environment and within the organization. External forces in favor of the change include lower cost of wages, less strict pollution controls that would mean lower operating costs, the opportunity to operate in a non-union environment, and competitors with lower prices. External forces against the change include the costs of relocating the operation, increased training costs, transportation, and other matters, adapting to a dramatically different culture and work ethic, and lose production during the move. Internal forces in favor of the change include higher wages, more government regulation, and the unwillingness of union leaders to accept lower wages or structural changes that would improve profits. Internal forces working against the change include personal relationships with the workers and concerns about their futures if the change occurs. 2. What is the primary type of change needed – changing “things” or changing “people and culture?” Can he
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