Mid-Term Essays (POLS210)

Mid-Term Essays (POLS210) - Mid-Term Essay One (Question...

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Mid-Term Essay One (Question 14) In order to prevent a dictatorship based government the James Madison incorporated a system of ‘Separation of Powers’ in the Constitution, which they divided power among three branches. These branches are what we know as the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branch. Each branch had its own responsibility, duty and of course power. Now in order to prevent each branch from getting carried away and abusing its powers awarded to them there was another system known as the ‘Checks and Balances’ . This meant that each branch had the ability to limit what the other branches can do (to a certain extent and through different legal processes). As we may already know each branch consists of a body(s) of the government. The Legislative branch for example consists of the Congress. The powers awarded to the Congress are listed in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution. They include but are not limited to giving the Congress power to declare war, and pass any law which would allow for them to carry out their duties. The Congress can check the Executive branch by overriding a president’s veto of a bill with two-thirds of the vote, as well as impeach the president (if high crimes or misdemeanors were committed). One example of this check was former president Bill Clinton’s impeachment trial. On the morning of Jan. 7, 1999, the checks and balances built into the Constitution came into stark relief as all three branches of government intersected over a single issue: whether Bill Clinton, the 42nd President, was unfit for office, and should be removed [1]. Congress also has the duty to approve numerous appointments made by the executive branch (such appointments include appointed justices to the Supreme Court). The executive branch consists of the President, the Vice President, the president’s cabin, as well as many federal agencies (such agencies include but not limited to Department of
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Defense, Department of Labor, and etc…). The powers entitled to the Executive branch are located in Article II of the Constitution. The President’s responsibilities include implementing as well as enforcing laws written by Congress. The Executive branch must also appoint the heads of the federal agencies. If the President for any reason cannot resume office (reasons including death, and/or impeachment) the Vice President s given the power to take his place. As I mentioned earlier the Congress has the power to declare war, but in such case the President will then become head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President can check the Legislative branch by vetoing any bill from Congress. U.S. House of Representatives was unable to override U.S. President George W. Bush's veto of the 2008 spending bill for labor,
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Mid-Term Essays (POLS210) - Mid-Term Essay One (Question...

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