Development of Corrections

Development of Corrections - Development of Corrections...

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Development of Corrections Jennifer O’Neal CJS 230 – Jean O’Gallagher June 23, 2011 University of Phoenix Online – Axia College
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Prior to the 1800’s the rate of women incarcerated were much lower than the rates of women incarcerated today. Women’s prisons did not exist, therefore the jails often treat women the same as they did the men, as well the women were punished the same way the men were “with the exception that pregnant women were often spared punishment until after they had given birth” (Foster, 2006, pg. 32). Most women incarcerated were because of prostitution and stealing. Foster also states that women incarcerated were generally mixed with the makes and they were supervised by males. (2006, pg. 32). Welsh did not know it at the time, but when she arrived at the Auburn, New York prison she would not have to do much to advance women’s correctional reforms throughout the United States. According to Anzia, “In January 1825, Rachel Welsh arrived at the Auburn Correctional Facility in New York State (US). One year after her arrival and six weeks later after delivering her baby inside the prison she was dead” (2008). Welsh was herded up to an attic where she and many other women spent every hour of the day in the dark. They were not allowed any time for recreation. In 1863, the Detroit House of Correction was opened. This facility had a unit separated
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