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CHAPTER 7 - BONDS AND THEIR VALUATION 1 Under normal...

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1. Under normal conditions, which of the following would be most likely to increase the coupon rate required for a bond to be issued at par? a. Adding additional restrictive covenants that limit management's actions. b. Adding a call provision. c. The rating agencies change the bond's rating from Baa to Aaa. d. Making the bond a first mortgage bond rather than a debenture. e. Adding a sinking fund. Answer: b 2. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? 3. Amram Inc. can issue a 20-year bond with a 6% annual coupon at par. This bond is not convertible, not callable, and has no sinking fund. Alternatively, Amram could issue a 20-year bond that is convertible into common equity, may be called, and has a sinking fund. Which of the following most accurately describes the coupon rate that Amram would have to pay on the second bond, the convertible, callable bond with the sinking fund, to have it sell initially at par? The second bond's convertible feature and sinking fund would tend to lower its required rate of return, but the call feature would raise its rate. Given these opposing forces, the second bond's required coupon rate could be above or below that of the first bond. However, the convertible feature generally dominates in the real world, so convertibles' coupon rates are generally less than comparable non- convertible issues' rates.
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