Microbiology Exam notes - Microbiology Scope of Microbilogy...

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Microbiology The Study of organisms too small to be seen by the unaided eye. Cannot perceive objects less than 0.1 mm Little detail can be seen in objects 1mm in diameter Scope of Microbilogy 1.Bacteriology= Bacteria and Archea 2.Mycology Fungi= yeast, Molds, Macrofungi 3.Phycology Alga 4.Protozoology Protozoa 5.Virology Viruses, Viroids,Prions General Microbiology Biochemistry Physiology Ecology Taxonomy (Classification) Medical Microbiology Pathogenic Microbiology - Eubacteria and Arch bacteria Diagnostic Microbiology- Diagnose Veterinary Microbiology- Animal microbio Disease Epidemiology- Nature of Disease ( Transmission and control of Disease) Immunology - How Disease Affects us (Study of Body’s immune system) Medical Virology Applied Microbiology Industrial Microbiology Food Microbiology Agriculture Microbiology Environmental Microbiology Biotechnology Function: 1.Use of Micro organic in the manufacture of food or Industrial products. 2.Using Microbes for benefits of society Antony Van Leeuwenhoek Father of Microbiology Made simple Microscopes Did not invent Microscopes Red blood cells could be seen in lens Compound Microscope- 2 lenses couldn’t see details like the lens ( increased magnification but not resolution this was implanted my Robert Hook). Discovered : Bacteria Yeast Algae Protozoa- He drew it so you could recognize species Animacules- Called then this because they are motive Did not discovered viruses Late 1700 and 1800 Questions Concerning Microorganisms 1. Pleomorphism- one microbe changes into all the morphis. Change shapes all the time . Ex: Fungi to Ameoba 2. Monomorphism - Said this happen because of contamination cultures. Aseptic Cultures = reduce cross contaminations 3. Transformation of Organic matter Fermentation- degeneration of plants or anaerobic conversion of sugar into CO2 and Alcohol by yeast. Putrification- Decomposition or Spontaneous Generation- Living things come from inorganic matter, this came to rest with an experiment where they had covered rotten meat where no mosquitos grew.
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carpes (amino acides) Ferdinand Cohn Father of Bacteriology Accurate observation of bacteria Made occurred observation of prokaryotes Proved Monomorphism of microbes Inveted Aseptic Technique- showed pleo that they had contaminated cultures.
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