04+Technological+networks

04+Technological+networks - SOSC111 Science, Technology &...

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SOSC111 Lecture 4 Technological Networks
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Building a Toolbox ± For the next few lectures we are going to learn about some ideas and concepts from different fields, including economics, political science, sociology, and history. ± These ideas will form our “ toolbox ,” our analytical framework for getting a better understanding of technology.
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Analysis of technology ± These tools will help us take technologies apart – not physically, but mentally . ± Ultimately these should help us see technologies in different ways .
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Progress ± What is meant by the term “ progress ”? ± What is the relationship between technology and progress? ± Is more technology better than less? ± Does technology always make life better?
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Advanced = Better? ± We cannot assume that more advanced technology will always give us progress. ± We have to first define what we mean by progress. ± Earn more money? ± Create high performance products? ± A society that continues past the year 2100? ± We have to analyze whether technologies really do meet our criteria for “better” -- over both the short term and long term.
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Which car would you want to drive in year 1000AD?
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The Automobile: Technological Inputs ± Automobile is part of a system that requires – is dependent on – many inputs : ± Roadways and bridges ± Traffic signals, signs ± Petroleum production and distribution ± Manufacturing and repair ± Steel production ± Chemical production ± Machine tools (for assembly)
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You cannot drive a car without petrol! ± Technologies don’t just occur at any time and place in history! ± They develop within a specific context of other technologies. ± Technological dependence ± Technological artifacts are also dependent on knowledge – they often require specific knowledge for their design, production, and operation.
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Required Facilities and Knowledge Facilities ± Roadways and bridges ± Traffic signals and signs ± Petroleum production and distribution Knowledge ± Civil engineering ± Transportation engineering ± Petroleum engineering and geology
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± We should recall that technology is more than just artifacts. It includes knowledge as well. Bus Driver’s Ed. Roadways Petrol Traffic Signals Chemical Eng. Civil Eng. Trans. Eng.
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Better to Use a Horse… ± 1000 years ago, it would be more convenient to use a horse ± But using a horse also required some inputs (things and knowledge) ± Which inputs?
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LPG Busses and Taxis ± The change to LPG as fuel for taxis in Hong Kong in 1999 required; ± Building new LPG driven Toyota cars ± Replacing diesel taxis with LPG taxis ± Creating LPG fuel stations
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Technological Dependence ± Think about other examples…
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± What about different technologies that don’t necessarily require each other, but are used in conjunction with each other? ± These are called
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This note was uploaded on 07/30/2011 for the course SOS 111 taught by Professor Bark during the Summer '08 term at HKU.

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04+Technological+networks - SOSC111 Science, Technology &...

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