Week 2 Cancer Checkpoint

Week 2 Cancer Checkpoint - CheckPoint: Cancer Patient...

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CheckPoint: Cancer Patient Information Sheet William Edwards University of Phoenix
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Testicular Cancer: What You Need To Know Picture Source: Retrieved March 18, 2011 from: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/TesticularCancer/OverviewGuide/testicular-cancer-overview-what-is-testicular- cancer Testicular cancer can start in one or both testicles. It is most often found in young men. This type of cancer can be treated and very often cured. The testicles (or testes) are part of the male reproductive system. In adult men, each one is normally a little smaller than a golf ball. They are held in a sac of skin called the scrotum. The scrotum hangs beneath the base of the penis.The testicles make the male hormones testosterone. They also make sperm. Sperm cells are carried from the testicles through small tubes (the vas deferens) to the seminal vesicles. Fluid from the vesicles and from the prostate gland is added. During ejaculation (orgasm), this fluid, now called semen, travels through a tube (the urethra) in the center of the penis and out of the body. See the picture above. The testicles are made up of several kinds of cells and each may develop into one or more types of cancer. It is important to know which kind of cell the cancer started from because these types of cancer are treated differently. They also differ in the chance of survival for the patient (prognosis). Main types of testicular tumors: Germ cell tumors are the most common type of testicular tumors. Germ cell tumors grow in the cells that make sperm. More than 9 out of 10 of cancers of the testicles start in the germ cells. As used here, the term "germ" means
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This note was uploaded on 07/30/2011 for the course HCA 240 taught by Professor Agnessamaniego during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Week 2 Cancer Checkpoint - CheckPoint: Cancer Patient...

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