MWO All Chp Key Terms - MWO Chp 7 Key Terms Core...

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MWO Chp 7 Key Terms Core Technology : Work process directly related to the organization’s mission Ie. For manufacturing (raw materials, laborers who cut and forge, etc.) For Service (Production equipment, airplanes, laborers, etc.) For both computers have revolutionized the workplace. Non-Core Technology : Department work process that the important to the organization, but not directly related to its mission. Core Technology For Manufacturing Companies Technical Complexity : extent of mechanization in an organization manufacturing process. High technical complexity means most of the work is done by machines. Low technical complexity means workers do the majority of the manufacturing work. Joan Woodward did the research to develop these principles. There are three groups: 1. Small batch and unit production : Handle small orders to meet specific needs of individual customers. Rely heavily on human operation. Computers may be used for part of the process, but highly skilled human operators to ensure reliability. In some instances as few as 10 units may be produced in a 1 month period to be successful. Ie. Aerospace technology, defense contractors, US military. 2. Large Batch and mass production : long production runs of standardized parts. Output goes into inventory from which orders are filled, because customers do not have special needs. Ie. Automobile assembly lines, and trailer homes. 3. Customer process production : entire process is mechanized. No starting or stopping points. Automated machines control the continuous process, making outcomes highly predictable. Ie. Chemical plants, oil refineries, liquor producers, pharmaceuticals, and nuclear power plants. Woodward’s research found increases in management levels and manager to personnel ratios as technical complexity increased from unit production to continuous process. Also, greater management intensity is needed to manage complex technology. Management systems in unit production and continuous process technology are characterized as more organic. Woodward, “different technologies impose different kinds of demands on individuals and organizations, and those demands had to be met through an appropriate structure.” Contemporary Applications
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Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS): links together manufacturing components that once stood alone. Ie. Robots, machines, product design, and engineering analysis are coordinated by a single computer. This enables large manufacturers to custom-make products at a low mass production cost. It also allows smaller manufacturers to compete with large factories and low cost foreign competitors. 3 Subcomponents: 1. Computer aided Design (CAD): Assist in drafting, design, and engineering parts, Designers guide computers to draw specific coordinates. Alternates can easily be explored; scaling up or down from an original design. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2011 for the course MGMT 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '06 term at Saint Joseph's University.

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MWO All Chp Key Terms - MWO Chp 7 Key Terms Core...

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