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romes expansion - Chelsea Busler Essay#2 Romes expansion As...

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Chelsea Busler Essay #2 – Rome’s expansion As Rome expanded farther and farther throughout Europe, it started to categorize cities based on their relationship to Rome. Some cities “were considered to be full participants in the Roman Political order; others shared partially in Roman rights; still others remained ostensibly independent.” (Boatwright, 48) A city could be categorized one of four names; municipium , municipium sine suffragio , socii nominis Latini , or colonia . A municipium belonged to the second highest class of Roman cities, being inferior in status to the colonia . The first municipium was Tusculum. The distinguishing characteristic of the municipium was self-governance. The citizens of a municipium of the first order held full Roman citizenship and their rights included the right to vote, which was the ultimate right in Rome, and a sure sign of full rights. The second order of a municipium comprised important tribal centres which had come under Roman control. Residents of these did not become full Roman citizens. They were given the duties of full citizens in terms of liability to taxes and military service, but not all of the rights: most significantly, they had no right to vote. Executive power in a municipium was held by four annually elected officials, all under the thumb of Roman rule. Advisory powers were held by the decurions, appointed members of the local equivalent to the senate. A municipium sine suffragio belonged to the third highest class of Roman cities. It was the same as a regular municipium except for the fact that the citizens did not have the right to vote. An example of a municipium sine suffragio was Capua, it was a Roman
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municipium but the people did not have the right to vote for anything in Rome. A
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