f98u1vocab_ref - Abiotic factors nonliving things in the...

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Abiotic factors: nonliving things in the environment, including soil, water, temperature, air, light wind, and minerals. Anoxia: lack of oxygen Autotroph: an organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic materials as a source of nutrients and using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis as a source or energy. For example, most plants, bacteria and protists Bacteria: microscopic one-celled organisms constituting the phylum Schizomycota, of the kingdom Monera, and various species involved in infectious diseases, nitrogen fixation, fermentation or putrefaction Benthic: of or pertaining to the biogeographic region that includes the bottom of a lake, sea, or ocean and the littoral and supralittoral zones of the shore Bioaccumulate: the act of gathering or collecting in a biological manner or organism. Biosphere: all parts of the earth where life is found. It extends from the deepest oceans to the upper atmosphere and includes all the air, land and water where life exists. Biotic factors: living things in the environment, such as plants and animals Black smoker: submarine hydrothermal vents that have vent waters rich in black particles of metallic sulfides and temperatures around 350°C. CTD: an instrument that is often used by scientists over the side of a ship to gather conductivity, temperature, and depth data. Often, there are other instruments attached to it. Carrageenan: extract from seaweeds used as a stabilizer in foods and pharmaceutical ingredients Cephalopod: any mollusk of the class Cephalopoda, having tentacles attached to the head Conclusion: logical statement based on the observations and data collected during the experiment Control: in an experiment, the standard for comparison. The control experiment setup is exactly like the experimental setup except that the control experiment does not contain the variable. Controlled conditions: the physical conditions of the laboratory, or experiment that the scientist directs. Coral Reef: a wave-resistant structure resulting from cementation processes and the skeletal construction of corals, algae, and other calcium carbonate- secreting organisms.
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Coriolis effect: the deflection of air or water bodies, relative to the solid earth beneath, as a result of the earth’s eastward rotation DDT: a toxic compound formerly widely used as an insecticide Debris: the remains of anything destroyed; ruins; rubble Deforestation:
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2011 for the course OCB 6050 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at University of South Florida.

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f98u1vocab_ref - Abiotic factors nonliving things in the...

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